UN report estimated the geological reserves of crude oil in Syria about 24,101 million barrels, viable production disposable reserves of about 6,790 million barrels and remaining viable production reserve of about 2,7 billion barrels. It is noteworthy that the report is prepared by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia “ESCWA”
The report pointed out that there were strenuous efforts to implement plans aimed to raise the numbers of confirmed reserves of crude oil, natural gas and develop the discovered fields in production. The report indicated that oil and natural gas are the key resource of energy in the Syrian Arab Republic. 13 Arab countries in ESCWA are: Syria, Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The report estimated the geological reserve of natural gas of all kinds in Syria at about 705 billion cubic meters, while the production of disposable reserves of about 405 billion cubic meters. The report said that oil production peaked in 2004 at up to 600 thousand barrels a day, then began the gradual decline has reached 432 thousand barrels per day in 2005, while natural gas production has increased during this period until it reached to 24 Million cubic meters a day. According to the report, latest techniques are used in Syria in making studies about apt drilling fluids and appropriate conditions for drilling as possible by the application of exploratory programs that are implemented after the examination to obtain the highest rates of perfect in prospecting and exploration drilling, to achieve new discoveries of oil in 9 Structures and gas structures in 3. The report defined the streamline procedures and thermal electric power companies to produce oil and natural gas in Syria …, including: – – capacitors have been put on the electric grid to raise the power factor in order to reduce wastage in the network, it will also be installed capacitors plates 20. K V, switching centers in 20 KV. at major stations to limit the ability to improve individual and the power factor to the value of 93%, and is currently conducting economic and technical feasibility study for the replacement of old gas turbines, which reached age between 25 – 30 years in the company (Directorate fields Hasakah), and low-yield about 20% of violence Modern. — Is the replacement of equipment and electrical installations ancient art of the bad situation with modern equipment to reduce wastage in production due to electrical faults, and are working to buy 7 new rigs drilling rigs for the replacement of the old artistic bad situation that needed constant maintenance. — Rationalization of the energy system relies on periodic maintenance programmed, and periodic checks of such equipment consumption of energy, installation of ignition systems and firefighters modeled self-lighting, as well as systems using serial boot (soft star) of electric motors with great capacity. After the report pointed out programmes to improve maintenance systems for pumping crude oil and gas pumping systems…. Turning to measures taken to reduce leakage …report said: in 2004 in the number of cases of leakage in the company produced 464 Syrian oil spill and 16 gas leakage, and the total quantities of oil leaked 3,755 barrels (512 tons), equivalent to 17,5 units in each Leaked million units produced, and in 2005 there has been a clear improvement on the number of oil spills and has been assigned No. 416 leakage, and the total quantity leaked 2,925 barrels (345 barrels) and the ratio equivalent to 16,79 Leaked units per million units produced … and actions are taken to reduce the leakage …. Are: – – groups work daily tours of the maintenance of equipment on each surface wells and Sub-assembly plants, and the prevention of leakage of crude oil at these sites as possibilities by using ultrasound devices operate ultrasound to examine the production lines and detect corrosion places before diversion, and injection materials Chemical anti-corrosion inside production lines, the capital of wells, will also be withdrawn from the oil leakage sites. — Urea fertilizer is sprayed by hand with soil contaminated with oil, using a tractor ploughing in one direction only the first time in the process of mixing the good, and will be repeating the process of tillage, but the direction is contrary to cultivate the first time every week for a period of 4 weeks (including the process of mixing the first) or even Becomes the soil in good condition and soft, where results showed that 40% of the land where the grass grew the first year after this process with reference to the desert land. The report referred to the reduce of the quantities of natural gas burned on the torch . that the quantity of gas on the flame scorched decreased by 72%, from 3420 thousand cubic meters daily in 2003 to 952 thousand cubic meters per day in 2005…. This is due to the actions taken by companies…. As follows: – – been linked number of fields where it is produced accompanied gas , has been processing pipeline to link the field turning for investing approximately 200 thousand cubic meters per day, and thus reduced the quantity scorched to 452 thousand cubic meters per day, and become the proportion of the total 78% reduction As the rest of the quantities that are still burns are spread over a number of divergent fields ranging quantities of gas produced between 1500 and 20000 cubic metres per day which are currently subject to technical and economic studies of the possibility of linking them and benefit from them. — Was reduced to scorched quantities of the gas flame and the installation of petroleum vapour recovery unit at low pressure less than 0,5 Bar in both fields (al-omar and al-tank) have been hiring 4 compressors to work in two main stations. — The quantities of gas, which is still on the flame burns at about 7,6 million cubic feet per day (215 thousand cubic meters per day) from 6 stations, all of the lab not connected to gas for the distance over 70 kilometers.
By: Dawod Almani